CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Political Science

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Who elects the community government in Belgium?

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Answer :

People belonging to one language community-Dutch, French and German

Give one example of horizontal sharing of power.

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Answer :

Power sharing among Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.

Which two languages are generally spoken in Belgium?

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Answer :

French and Dutch

Which type of power sharing is called checks and balances?

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Answer :

 Horizontal distribution of power

What does the word ethnic refer to?

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Answer :

It refers to a social division based on shared culture.

How many people speak French and Dutch in the capital city of Brussels?

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Answer :

80% French 20% Dutch

How many times leaders of Belgium amended their constitution?

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Answer :

Four times

Which one of the following is correct regarding power sharing?

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Answer :

Both B and C are true

Which was the only official language of Sri Lanka?

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Answer :

Sinhala

Which community was rich and powerful in Belgium?

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Answer :

French

What is Majoritarianism?

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Answer :

A belief that the majority community should be able to rule a country in whatever way it wants, by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minorities.

Mention one step which was taken by Sri Lankan Government to create Majoritarianism.

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Answer :

In 1956, an act was passed to recognize Sinhala as the official language.

State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing from the Indian context.

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Answer :

India is a multinational society and India is a democratic country.

Name the country which has lost peace due to Majoritarianism.

 

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Answer :

Sri Lanka

What is the difference between prudential and moral reasons for power sharing?

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Answer :

Prudential reasons stress that power sharing will bring out better outcome or results; where as moral reasons emphasize the very act of power sharing as valuable.

Name two subgroups of Tamils in Sri Lanka.

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Answer :

Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Origin Tamils.

What is the system of checks and balances of power sharing?

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Answer :

Under this system, one organ of the government keeps the check over other. None of the organs can exercise unlimited power.

State two main bases of the social divisions in Sri Lanka.

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Answer :

Religion and Language

Who formed majority in terms of population in Sri Lanka?

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Answer :

Sinhalese Buddhist formed majority.

Who formed majority in terms of population in Belgium?

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Answer :

The Dutch formed majority

In which year, Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country?

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Answer :

4 february, 1948

What is the linguistic composition of Belgium?

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Answer :

59% people speak Dutch, 40% people speak French and 1% people speak German.

How is power shared in modern democracies?

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Answer :

In modern democracies power is shared among different organs of government, among government at different levels and among various political parties, pressure groups etc.

What do you mean by federal division of power?

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Answer :

Power shared at different levels of government

Name the community that is relatively rich and powerful in Belgium.

 
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Answer :

French minority community

Clarify the vertical division of power by giving models from India.  

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Answer :

Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at various levels an overall government for the whole nation and governments at the commonplace or local level. In India. the constitution unmistakably sets out the powers of various degrees of governments i.e., the Central or Union government and the different state governments. There are sure subjects on which the Union government alone can make laws though there are others on which the State governments alone can make laws.

Portray the ethnic piece of Belgium.

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Answer :

•             The ethnic structure of Belgium is perplexing. Of the nation's absolute populace, 59 percent lives in the Flemish district and communicates in Dutch language.

 

•             Another 40% individuals live in the Wallonia area and communicate in French.

 

•             Remaining one percent of the Belgians communicate in German.

 

•             In the capital city of Brussels, 80% individuals communicate in French while 20% are Dutch talking.

What prompted the pressures between the Dutch-talking and French-talking networks in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s? For what reason was the pressure between the two networks more intense in Brussels?

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Answer :

In Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s, the minority French-talking network was moderately rich and powerful. Along these lines, the Dutch-talking network who got the advantage of financial turn of events and training a lot later detested this. Accordingly, strains developed between the two networks. The pressure between these two networks was more intense in Brussels in light of the fact that the Dutch-talking individuals established larger part in the nation, yet minority in the capital.

Portray the various populace living in Sri Lanka.

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Answer :

Sri Lanka is an island country. It has around two crore populace which is so differing.

•             The significant social gatherings are the Sinhala-speakers (74%) and the Tamil-speakers (18%).

•             Among Tamils, there are two sub-gatherings. Tamil locals of the nation are called Sri Lankan Tamil (13%). The rest are called Indian Tamils. Their ancestors originated from India as estate laborers during pilgrim period.

•             Most of the Sinhala-talking individuals are Buddhists, while the greater part of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7% Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.

For what reason did the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil people group strain after some time?

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Answer :

(I) The administrations in Sri Lanka followed special arrangements that supported Sinhala candidates for college positions and government occupations. Another constitution specified that the state will secure and encourage Buddhism.

(ii) The Sri Lankan Tamils got frustrated because of these approaches. They felt that none of the major ideological groups drove by the Buddhist Sinhala pioneers was delicate to their language and culture.

(iii) They felt that the constitution and government strategies denied them equivalent political rights, oppressed them in landing positions and overlooked their inclinations. Because of the above reasons, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil people group stressed after some time.

What were the requests of the Sri Lankan Tamils?

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Answer :

The Sri Lankan Tamils were tired of the particular approaches of the legislatures. They needed the legislatures to hear them out and quit subverting their inclinations. When nothing happened this way, they dispatched gatherings and battles. Their requests included-

•             Recognition of Tamil as an official language.

•             Recognition for local self-governance and balance or opportunity in making sure about instruction and occupations.

•             An autonomous Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern pieces of Sri Lanka.

How is the power-sharing model acknowledged by Belgium not the same as that of Sri Lanka?

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Answer :

Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are vote based systems. However, they managed the subject of power sharing in an unexpected way

(a) In Belgium, the pioneers understood that the solidarity of the nation was conceivable simply by regarding the emotions and interests of various networks and locales. Such an acknowledgment brought about commonly satisfactory plans for sharing power. These courses of action were made on the standard of convenience. Thus, it functioned admirably and assisted with keeping away from metro hardship between the two significant networks.

(b) The tale of Sri Lanka is very unique. It embraced the standard of majoritarianism where significance was given to the larger part network. It denied the Sri Lankan Tamils equivalent political rights and supported the Sinhala people group. By doing this, Sri Lanka subverted the solidarity of the nation. It would not share power by permitting a greater part network to compel its strength over others.

How did the pioneers in Belgium and Sri Lanka attempt to tackle the ethnic issue in their separate nations?

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Answer :

Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are majority rule governments. However, they managed the subject of power sharing in an unexpected way

(a) In Belgium, the pioneers understood that the solidarity of the nation was conceivable simply by regarding the sentiments and interests of various networks and districts. Such an acknowledgment brought about commonly adequate plans for sharing power. These plans were made on the guideline of convenience. Thus, it functioned admirably and assisted with dodging metro difficulty between the two significant networks.

(b) The account of Sri Lanka is very extraordinary. It received the guideline of majoritarianism wherein significance was given to the larger part network. It denied the Sri Lankan Tamils equivalent political rights and supported the Sinhala people group. By doing this, Sri Lanka sabotaged the solidarity of the nation. It wouldn't share power by permitting a greater part network to compel its strength over others.

How is power shared among government at various levels in India?

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Answer :

India is a government nation. The constitution initially accommodated a two-level arrangement of government the Central or Union government, speaking to the Union of India and the State governments. Afterward, a third level of federalism was included the type of Panchayats and Municipalities. The Constitution of India unmistakably sets out the powers of various degrees of government.

There are sure issues on which the Union government alone can make laws. There are others on which the State governments alone can make laws. There are a few subjects of regular interests to both the Union government just as the State governments. These issues are dealt with by both the Union government just as the State governments in their own particular manners. A similar standard is reached out to the degree of region and panchayat.

I'm not catching your meaning by network government? Clarify a portion of its highlights.

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Answer :

A people group government is an administration where distinctive social gatherings are approved to deal with the issues of their networks. They share government and frequently have a typical social and verifiable legacy. They cooperate for the government assistance of the normal masses without disregarding the interests of any network. The people group government in Belgium is chosen by individuals having a place with one language network – Dutch, French and German-talking – regardless of where they live. This legislature has the power with respect to social, instructive and language related issues.

linguistic composition of Belgium

1

Dutch

A

59%

2

French

B

1%

3

German

C

40%

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

state religion of Sri Lanka

A

French

2

vertical division of power

B

Buddhism

3

was rich in Belgium

C

The division of powers between higher and lower levels of government The division of powers between higher and lower levels of government

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Sinhalese Buddhist

A

federal division of power

2

The Dutch

B

formed majority in terms of population in Sri Lanka

3

1948

C

formed majority in terms of population in Belgium

4

Power shared at different levels of government

D

Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

community rich and powerful in Belgium

A

subgroup of Tamils in Sri Lanka

2

country which has lost peace due to Majoritarianism

B

French

3

Indian Origin Tamils

C

base of the social divisions in Sri Lanka

4

Language

D

Sri Lanka

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

French in the capital city of Brussels

A

20%

2

Dutch in the capital city of Brussels

B

4

3

No. of times leaders of Belgium amended their constitution

C

80%

4

official language of Sri Lanka

D

Sinhala

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

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For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

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